Romanian Memoirs of the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) Between Realism and Constructivism

Raluca-Simona DEAC


This article examines the Romanian memoirs of the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 as a medium of communication and documentation of the events, with a focus on the question whether such writings can be tied in realism or are rather a product of constructivism, in order to establish their possible historiographical value. A relatively recent theory in communication science, constructivism – together with the concept of social construction of reality – highlights how knowledge, experience, media, and culture contribute to modeling reality (accurate or distorted), or to its construction. Considering the individual imprint of the writer – as a participant in the recorded events −, along with other factors such as the diÔ¨Éculty of war experiences, we demonstrate that memoirs can represent constructions of reality, making them prone to moving away from realism and factual objectivity.

Keywords: Balkan Wars (1912-1913), Romanian memoirs, constructivism, realism